DISEASE INFORMATION



Fraser Coast Dog Rescue

Information on Diseases

Parvovirus
By far the most dangerous disease is Canine Parvovirus (Parvo). It is nasty, painful, and highly contagious gastroenteritis disease of unvaccinated dogs and particulary in puppies.

Signs/Symptoms
Large amounts of smelly, watery diarrhea that contains blood.
Severe vomiting that also may have blood in it.
Dogs appear lethargic, unwell and depressed.
Severe stomach pains.
Loss of appetite.

How is it transmitted?
Parvovirus is present in the affected dog's faeces and is transmitted by an unvaccinated dog coming into contact with the affected dogs faeces. We humans can also transfer the virus via our shoes walking it between properties. It only takes a small amount of the virus to make an unvaccinated dog sick. However the Parvovirus can not be contracted by humans.

A vet can test for Parvovirus which is a simple test done in about 10 minutes.

Can Parvovirus be prevented?
Prevention is better than cure. The disease is often fatal, even with treatment. Vaccination is the only way to ensure your dogs safety from the Parvovirus and good hygiene. Be careful not to cross contaminate or transfer the disease into the community.

Parvovirus can also last in the environment for up to 12 months.

What do I do if I suspect my dog has Parvovirus?
Your vet will be able to positively identify the disease. Bleach and water in a 1:30 dilution will kill the virus on all hard surfaces around the home. Other disinfectants will not kill the virus. Destroy all bedding, dog bowls and faeces from the contaminated dog. Be careful that you don't spread the disease on your clothes and shoes. Watch for other dogs that they do not have any symptoms.

Puppies should not be taken out into the community until they have received all their vaccinations. They should only socialise with vaccinated dogs. Vaccinations take up to two weeks to take affect so your dog should be kept at home until after that two weeks for the vaccination to work.

Kennel Cough
A common and infectious disease of dogs. A highly contagious respiratory condition which can be caused by a number of different viruses and bacteria. It is a very distressing disease for both dog and owner due to the hacking cough (a bit like whooping cough in children).

Signs/Symptoms
Bouts of high pitched, harsh, hacking coughing that often finishes in gagging and vomiting. It is a very distinct cough and it can develop into a secondary infection. It is transmitted from coughing, drinking the same water and sharing bowls or using the same toys. Not unlike the transfer of a human common cold. It can not be transmitted to humans.

Can Kennel Cough be prevented?
Vaccination is the best prevention and a C5 vaccination is required by Boarding Kennels through out Australia. However vaccinated dogs can still contract the disease, but it is generally less severe with a vaccinated dog. It also actually builds a stronger immunity if a vaccinated dog does contract the disease, but it is not suggested that you try and get your dog to contract the disease.

Heartworm
Heartworm is a deadly but easily preventable parasite in dogs. Heartworms live in the dogs heart and pulmonary arteries of the animal. Queensland is definitely a heartworm area.

Signs /Symptoms
Dogs develop a little cough which worsens with exercise. Dogs may faint when exercising. They have a general dull and unwell look. They loose weight and can cough up blood (later stages).

Heartworm is transmitted by a mosquito biting a positive heartworm dog, then biting a unprotected dog.

Heartworm can be tested by your vet with a very simple test taking some blood and the test can be complete in approximately 10 minutes. You can then protect your dog from heartworm by a yearly vaccination, monthly medication or spot on medications. Do not give Heartworm Prevention medicine unless your vet has preformed the blood test and confirmed the dog is negative.

Prevention is far better than cure. The cure is harsh and can be expensive. Not all dogs survive the treatment to cure the disease.

Worms
Worms are parasites that live in all animals. An All rounder worm tablet from your vet will treat most worms like, Hydatid Tapeworm, Hookworm, Roundworm, Whipworm. These nasty little parasites can be transferred to humans as well.

Ringworm
Ringworm is a skin disease caused by a fungus. It is very distinct with hair loss in a circular patch. Ringworm can be passed onto humans and veterinary assistance should be sought immediately to get the relevant medications to treat the ringworm.

For more information please contact Annette by or by phone at (07) 4121 7616.